Checklists

Gravid Common Lizard Lacerta vivipara, Will Pits, 8th July 2013 (photograph by Steve Hiner).

 

1. CHECKLIST OF BIRDS   (UNDER DEVELOPMENT)

2. CHECKLIST OF NON-AVIAN VERTEBRATES

 

1. CHECKLIST OF BIRDS

1.1 INTRODUCTION

The checklist of birds lists all species recorded on Thorne Moors. Sequence and nomenclature follow The British Birds list of Western Palearctic Birds, British Birds Ltd (accessed 5th June 2014). See the British Birds website.

 

1.2 CHECKLIST

1.2.1 Non-passerines

MUTE SWAN Cygnus olor

BLACK SWAN Cygnus atratus

BEWICK’S SWAN Cygnus columbianus

WHOOPER SWAN Cygnus cygnus

BEAN GOOSE Anser fabalis

PINK-FOOTED GOOSE Anser brachyrhynchus

WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE Anser albifrons

GREYLAG GOOSE Anser anser

CANADA GOOSE Branta canadensis

BARNACLE GOOSE Branta leucopsis

BRENT GOOSE Branta bernicla

EGYPTIAN GOOSE Alopochen aegyptiaca

RUDDY SHELDUCK Tadorna ferruginea

COMMON SHELDUCK Tadorna tadorna

MANDARIN DUCK Aix galericulata

EURASIAN WIGEON Anas penelope

GADWALL Anas strepera

EURASIAN TEAL Anas crecca

MALLARD Anas platyrhynchos

PINTAIL Anas acuta

GARGANEY Anas querquedula

SHOVELER Anas clypeata

RED-CRESTED POCHARD Netta rufina

COMMON POCHARD Aythya ferina

TUFTED DUCK Aythya fuligula

GREATER SCAUP Aythya marila

COMMON EIDER Somateria mollissima

LONG-TAILED DUCK Clangula hyemalis

COMMON SCOTER Melanitta nigra

COMMON GOLDENEYE Bucephala clangula

SMEW Mergellus albellus

RED-BREASTED MERGANSER Mergus serrator

GOOSANDER Mergus merganser

RUDDY DUCK Oxyura jamaicensis

COMMON QUAIL Coturnix coturnix

RED-LEGGED PARTRIDGE Alectoris rufa

BLACK GROUSE Tetrao tetrix

GREY PARTRIDGE Perdix perdix

COMMON PHEASANT Phasianus colchicus

NORTHERN GANNET Morus bassanus

GREAT CORMORANT Phalacrocorax carbo

SHAG Phalacrocorax aristotelis

EURASIAN BITTERN Botaurus stellaris

NIGHT HERON Nycticorax nycticorax

LITTLE EGRET Egretta garzetta

GREAT WHITE EGRET Ardea alba

GREY HERON Ardea cinerea

BLACK STORK Ciconia nigra

WHITE STORK Ciconia ciconia

EURASIAN SPOONBILL Platalea leucorodia

LITTLE GREBE Tachybaptus ruficollis

GREAT CRESTED GREBE Podiceps cristatus

BLACK-NECKED GREBE Podiceps nigricollis

HONEY-BUZZARD Pernis apivorus

[BLACK KITE Milvus migrans]

RED KITE Milvus milvus

WHITE-TAILED EAGLE Haliaeetus albicilla

MARSH HARRIER Circus aeruginosuus

HEN HARRIER Circus cyaneus

MONTAGU’S HARRIER Circus pygargus

NORTHERN GOSHAWK Accipiter gentilis

EURASIAN SPARROWHAWK Accipiter nisus

COMMON BUZZARD Buteo buteo

ROUGH-LEGGED BUZZARD Buteo lagopus

[GOLDEN EAGLE Aquila chrysaetos]

OSPREY Pandion haliaetus

WATER RAIL Rallus aquaticus

SPOTTED CRAKE Porzana porzana

CORN CRAKE Crex crex

MOORHEN Gallinula chloropus

COMMON COOT Fulica atra

COMMON CRANE Grus grus

STONE-CURLEW Burhinus oedicnemus

AVOCET Recurvirostra avosetta

OYSTERCATCHER Haematopus ostralegus

EUROPEAN GOLDEN PLOVER Pluvialis apricaria

GREY PLOVER Pluvialis squatarola

NORTHERN LAPWING Vanellus vanellus

LITTLE RINGED PLOVER Charadrius dubius

RINGED PLOVER Charadrius hiaticula

KILLDEER Charadrius vociferus

DOTTEREL Charadrius morinellus

WHIMBREL Numenius phaeopus

EURASIAN CURLEW Numenius arquata

BLACK-TAILED GODWIT Limosa limosa

BAR-TAILED GODWIT Limosa lapponica

TURNSTONE Arenaria interpres

RED KNOT Calidris canutus

RUFF Calidris pugnax

CURLEW SANDPIPER Calidris ferruginea

TEMMINCK’S STINT Calidris temminckii

SANDERLING Calidris alba

DUNLIN Calidris alpina

PURPLE SANDPIPER Calidris maritima

LITTLE STINT Calidris minuta

WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER Calidris fuscicollis

PECTORAL SANDPIPER Calidris melanotos

COMMON SANDPIPER Actitis hypoleucos

GREEN SANDPIPER Tringa ochropus

SPOTTED REDSHANK Tringa erythropus

GREENSHANK Tringa nebularia

LESSER YELLOWLEGS Tringa flavipes

WOOD SANDPIPER Tringa glareola

COMMON REDSHANK Tringa totanus

JACK SNIPE Lymnocryptes minimus

WOODCOCK Scolopax rusticola

COMMON SNIPE Gallinago gallinago

ARCTIC SKUA Stercorarius parasiticus

PUFFIN Fratercula arctica

LITTLE TERN Sternula albifrons

GULL-BILLED TERN Gelochelidon nilotica

CASPIAN TERN Hydroprogne caspia

BLACK TERN Chlidonias niger

SANDWICH TERN Sterna sandvicensis

COMMON TERN Sterna hirundo

ARCTIC TERN Sterna paradisaea

KITTIWAKE Rissa tridactyla

BLACK-HEADED GULL Chroicocephalus ridibundus

LITTLE GULL Hydrocoloeus minutus

MEDITERRANEAN GULL Larus melanocephalus 

COMMON GULL Larus canus

CASPIAN GULL Larus cachinnans

LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL  Larus fuscus

GLAUCOUS GULL Larus hyperboreus

ICELAND GULL Larus glaucoides

YELLOW-LEGGED GULL Larus michahellis

HERRING GULL Larus argentatus

GREAT BLACK-BACKED GULL Larus marinus

[PALLAS’S SANDGROUSE Syrrhaptes paradoxus]

ROCK DOVE Columba livia

STOCK DOVE Columba oenas

WOOD PIGEON Columba palumbus

COLLARED DOVE Streptopelia decaocto

TURTLE DOVE Streptopelia turtur

COMMON CUCKOO Cuculus canorus

BARN OWL Tyto alba

LITTLE OWL Athene noctua

TAWNY OWL Strix aluco

LONG-EARED OWL Asio otus

SHORT-EARED OWL Asio flammeus

EUROPEAN NIGHTJAR Caprimulgus europaeus

COMMON SWIFT Apus apus

HOOPOE Upupa epops

COMMON KINGFISHER Alcedo atthis

WRYNECK Jynx torquilla

GREEN WOODPECKER Picus viridis

GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKER Dendrocopos major

LESSER SPOTTED WOODPECKER Dendrocopos minor

COMMON KESTREL Falco tinnunculus

RED-FOOTED FALCON Falco vespertinus

MERLIN Falco columbarius

HOBBY Falco subbuteo

[GYR FALCON Falco rusticolus]

PEREGRINE FALCON Falco peregrinus

 

1.2.2. Passerines

GOLDEN ORIOLE Oriolus oriolus

RED-BACKED SHRIKE Lanius collurio

GREAT GREY SHRIKE Lanius excubitor

MAGPIE Pica pica

EURASIAN JAY Garrulus glandarius

WESTERN JACKDAW Corvus monedula

ROOK Corvus frugilegus

CARRION CROW Corvus corone

HOODED CROW Corvus cornix

GOLDCREST Regulus regulus

FIRECREST Regulus ignicapilla

BLUE TIT Cyanistes caeruleus

GREAT TIT Parus major

COAL TIT Periparus ater

WILLOW TIT Poecile montana

BEARDED TIT Panurus biarmicus

WOODLARK Lullula arborea

SKYLARK Alauda arvensis

SAND MARTIN Riparia riparia

BARN SWALLOW Hirundo rustica

HOUSE MARTIN Delichon urbicum

LONG-TAILED TIT Aegithalos caudatus

YELLOW-BROWED WARBLER Phylloscopus inornatus

WOOD WARBLER Phylloscopus sibilatrix

COMMON CHIFFCHAFF Phylloscopus collybita

WILLOW WARBLER Phylloscopus trochilus

BLACKCAP Sylvia atricapilla

GARDEN WARBLER Sylvia borin

LESSER WHITETHROAT Sylvia curruca

COMMON WHITETHROAT Sylvia communis

GRASSHOPPER WARBLER Locustella naevia

ICTERINE WARBLER Hippolais icterina

SEDGE WARBLER Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

REED WARBLER Acrocephalus scirpaceus

WAXWING Bombycilla garrulus

EURASIAN TREECREEPER Certhia familiaris

WREN Troglodytes troglodytes

COMMON STARLING Sturnus vulgaris

ROSE-COLOURED STARLING  Pastor roseus

RING OUZEL Turdus torquatus

BLACKBIRD Turdus merula

FIELDFARE  Turdus pilaris

SONG THRUSH Turdus philomelos

REDWING Turdus iliacus

MISTLE THRUSH Turdus viscivorus

SPOTTED FLYCATCHER Muscicapa striata

ROBIN Erithacus rubecula

COMMON NIGHTINGALE Luscinia megarhynchos

BLUETHROAT Luscinia svecica

PIED FLYCATCHER Ficedula hypoleuca

BLACK REDSTART Phoenicurus ochruros

COMMON REDSTART Phoenicurus phoenicurus

WHINCHAT Saxicola rubetra

EUROPEAN STONECHAT Saxicola rubicola

NORTHERN WHEATEAR Oenanthe oenanthe

DUNNOCK Prunella modularis

HOUSE SPARROW Passer domesticus

TREE SPARROW Passer montanus

YELLOW WAGTAIL Motacilla flava

GREY WAGTAIL Motacilla cinerea

PIED WAGTAIL Motacilla alba

RICHARD’S PIPIT Anthus richardi

TREE PIPIT Anthus trivialis

MEADOW PIPIT Anthus pratensis

WATER PIPIT Anthus spinoletta

ROCK PIPIT Anthus petrosus

BRAMBLING Fringilla montifringilla

COMMON CHAFFINCH Fringilla coelebs

HAWFINCH Coccothraustes coccothraustes

BULLFINCH Pyrrhula pyrrhula

GREENFINCH Chloris chloris

LINNET Linaria cannabina

TWITE Linaria flavirostris

LESSER REDPOLL Acanthis cabaret

COMMON REDPOLL Acathis flammea

ARCTIC REDPOLL Acanthis hornemanni

COMMON CROSSBILL Loxia curvirostra

GOLDFINCH Carduelis carduelis

SISKIN Spinus spinus

SNOW BUNTING Plectrophenax nivalis

LAPLAND BUNTING Calcarius lapponicus

YELLOWHAMMER Emberiza citrinella

REED BUNTING Emberiza schoeniclus

CORN BUNTING Emberiza calandra

 

1.2.3 Other species

GREEN PHEASANT Phasianus versicolor

INDIAN PEAFOWL Pavo cristatus

BAR-HEADED GOOSE Anser indicus

RED-TAILED HAWK Buteo jamaicensis

COCKATIEL Nymphicus hollandicus

BUDGERIGAR Melopsittacus undulatus

[NYASA LOVEBIRD Agapornis lilianae]

COMMON WAXBILL Estrilda astrild

 

2. CHECKLIST OF NON–AVIAN VERTEBRATES

2.1 INTRODUCTION

The checklist of non-avian vertebrates lists all species recorded on Thorne Moors, including as sub-fossils. The sources of nomenclature (excluding Dab) are:

S. Harris & D.W. Yalden (editors) (2008) Mammals of the British Isles: Handbook, 4th edition. The Mammal Society, Southampton.

H.R. Arnold (1995) Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Britain. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology research publication No. 10. HMSO, London.

C.E. Davies, J. Shelley, P.T. Harding, I.F.G. McLean, R. Gardiner & G. Peirson (compilers and editors) (2004) Freshwater fishes in Britain the species and their distribution. Harley Books, Colchester.

 

2.2 CHECKLIST

2.2.1 Mammals

RED SQUIRREL Sciurus vulgaris. A former denizen of marginal woodland on Thorne Moors.

GREY SQUIRREL Sciurus carolinensis. An infrequent but increasing visitor to Thorne Moors, seen almost invariably in wooded or scrubby areas. Breeding has been reported.

BANK VOLE Myodes glareolus. A little-known species on Thorne Moors. Occasionally encountered on uncultivated warpland and at the interface with the peat, but with little evidence of the vole inhabiting more interior areas.

FIELD VOLE Microtus agrestis. Apparently widespread on Thorne Moors, but probably only occurring on the peat areas along routeways.

WATER VOLE Arvicola terrestris. Widely reported on and around Thorne Moors, but has declined along watercourses at least.

HARVEST MOUSE Micromys minutus. Apparently mostly associated with peripheral parts of Thorne Moors, but with occasional records from the peat.

WOOD MOUSE Apodemus sylvaticus. Widespread on Thorne Moors, including the wetter vegetated peat.

HOUSE MOUSE Mus domesticus. Evidence suggests that this species has been a denizen of habitations surrounding Thorne Moors, and may still persist.

COMMON RAT Rattus norvegicus. On Thorne Moors, recorded peripherally and synanthropically, but with at least marginal penetration on to the edge of the peat.

RABBIT Oryctolagus cuniculus. Widely present on and around Thorne Moors, though less frequent on peat areas. Population fluctuations are at least partly due to disease.

BROWN HARE Lepus europaeus. Widely present on and around Thorne Moors, except in woodland and in the wettest, thickly vegetated parts of the peat.

HEDGEHOG Erinaceus europaeus. Occurs peripherally and synanthropically, but at least occasionally penetrates Thorne Moors.

MOLE Talpa europaea. Widespread and relatively frequent on and about Thorne Moors, but does not occur in the peat, being associated with routeways.

COMMON SHREW Sorex araneus. The commonest shrew on Thorne Moors, living in a range of habitats.

PYGMY SHREW Sorex minutus. Apparently widespread on Thorne Moors, and possibly favouring wetter peat areas more than Common Shrew.

WATER SHREW Neomys fodiens. Encountered widely on Thorne Moors, but very infrequently.

WHISKERED BAT/BRANDT’S BAT Myotis mystacinus/brandtii. Visit(s) Thorne Moors to feed. Species not yet determined.

DAUBENTON’S BAT Myotis daubentonii. Visits Thorne Moors to feed.

NOCTULE Nyctalus noctula. Visits Thorne Moors, apparently to feed, and may have summer roosts.

COMMON PIPISTRELLE Pipistrellus pipistrellus. Visits Thorne Moors to feed.

[BROWN LONG-EARED BAT Plecotus auritus. Unconfirmed].

FERAL CAT Felis catus. Domestic cats occur on the edges of Thorne Moors.

FOX Vulpes vulpes. Widespread and frequent on Thorne Moors.

BADGER Meles meles. Resident in several parts of Thorne Moors, both peripherally and in man-made banks in surrounding agricultural land.

OTTER Lutra lutra. A former occasional visitor to Thorne Moors.

STOAT Mustela erminea. Apparently present in all parts of Thorne Moors, except possibly the wetter vegetated peat.

WEASEL Mustela nivalis. Apparently present in all parts of Thorne Moors, except possibly the wetter vegetated peat. Records have declined since modern documentation began.

FERAL FERRET Mustela furo. Escape, occasionally seen on the edges of Thorne Moors. Old reports of Polecat Mustela putorius presumably belong here.

AMERICAN MINK Mustela vison. A recent (1994) arrival on Thorne Moors, with breeding proved.

[ELK Alces alces. Unconfirmed sub-fossil].

REEVES’ MUNTJAC Muntiacus reevesi. A recent (2000) arrival on Thorne Moors, occasionally seen.

RED DEER Cervus elaphus. Recorded as a sub-fossil and on Hatfield Chase. Has increased on Thorne Moors since the 1960s (probably based on animals from deer farms), with a resident breeding population.

FALLOW DEER Dama dama. Recorded as a sub-fossil and on Hatfield Chase.

EUROPEAN ROE DEER Capreolus capreolus. Recorded on Hatfield Chase. Has increased on Thorne Moors since 1959, with a resident breeding population.

MUSKRAT Ondatra zibethicus. Escape (early 1930s).

MONGOLIAN GERBIL Meriones unguiculatus. Escape (1971).

 

2.2.2 Herptiles

COMMON FROG  Rana temporaria. Widely reported on Thorne Moors, and also associated with peripheral waters and drains.

COMMON TOAD Bufo bufo. Widely reported on Thorne Moors, and also associated with peripheral waters and drains.

GREAT CRESTED or WARTY NEWT Triturus cristatus. Formerly occurred in some drains surrounding Thorne Moors. Now apparently extirpated. 

SMOOTH or COMMON NEWT Triturus vulgaris. Widely reported on Thorne Moors, and also associated with peripheral waters and drains.

[PALMATE NEWT Triturus helveticus. Reported in error].

[SLOW-WORM Anguis fragilis. Reported in error].

COMMON LIZARD Lacerta vivipara. Frequent on Thorne Moors, and marginally present off the peat.

[SAND LIZARD Lacerta agilis. Reported in error].

ADDER or VIPER Vipera berus. Frequent on Thorne Moors, and marginally present off the peat.

GRASS or RINGED SNAKE Natrix natrix. Widely present, but generally infrequent on Thorne Moors away from the edges.

 

2.2.3 Fish

[RIVER LAMPREY or LAMPERN Lampetra fluviatilis. Occurs in the River Ouse and could appear in Swinefleet Warping Drain].

[SEA LAMPREY Petromyzon marinus. Occurs in the River Ouse and could appear in Swinefleet Warping Drain].

EUROPEAN EEL Anguilla anguilla. Occurs in drains and waters surrounding Thorne Moors, although now rare.

SILVER BREAM or WHITE BREAM Abramis bjoerkna. Has been caught in Swinefleet Warping Drain, presumably as a result of introduction.

COMMON BREAM Abramis brama. Introduced into waters on Inkle Moor, the fishing pond at the Swinefleet peat works and Swinefleet Warping Drain. Formerly reported from the Thorne Waste peat canals. Also hybrids (Common Bream x ?Roach) in Swinefleet Warping Drain.

[BLEAK Alburnus alburnus. Possibly introduced into Swinefleet Warping Drain in 2005].

GOLDFISH Carassius auratus. Introduced into the  former Thorne Colliery cooling ponds and the fishing pond at the Swinefleet peat works. Only the  ‘golden’ variety reported.

CRUCIAN CARP Carassius carassius. Introduced into the fishing pond at the Swinefleet peat works and Swinefleet Warping Drain.

GRASS CARP or CHINESE GRASS CARP Ctenopharyngodon idella. Illegally introduced (1980s?) into the fishing pond at the Swinefleet peat works and Swinefleet Warping Drain.

COMMON CARP Cyprinus carpio. Introduced into waters on Inkle Moor.

GUDGEON Gobio gobio. Once caught in Swinefleet Warping Drain (1990s–early 2000s?).

CHUB Leuciscus cephalus. Caught in Swinefleet Warping Drain.

DACE Leuciscus leuciscus. Caught in Swinefleet Warping Drain.

ROACH Rutilus rutilus. Occurs in drains and waters surrounding Thorne Moors. Also some stocking of fishing ponds, and formerly reported from the Thorne Waste peat canals. Roach hybrids in Swinefleet Warping Drain.

RUDD Scardinius erythrophthalmus. Introduced into waters on Inkle Moor, and caught in Swinefleet Warping Drain.

TENCH  Tinca tinca. Introduced into Bell’s Pond, waters on Inkle Moor, the fishing pond at the Swinefleet peat works and Swinefleet Warping Drain. Includes ‘golden’ Tench.

PIKE Esox lucius. Occurs in drains and waters surrounding Thorne Moors, and has been encountered on the moorland.

ATLANTIC SALMON Salmo salar. One was stranded during warping operations in 1912.

THREE-SPINED STICKLEBACK Gasterosteus aculeatus. Occurs in drains and waters surrounding Thorne Moors, and has exceptionally penetrated on to the margins of the moorland, with one record from nearer the interior. Said to have been introduced into waters on Inkle Moor to augment existing populations.

TEN-SPINED or NINE-SPINED STICKLEBACK Pungitius pungitius. Occurs in some drains and waters surrounding Thorne Moors.

RUFFE or POPE Gymnocephalus cernuus. Once caught in Swinefleet Warping Drain (1990s–early 2000s?).

PERCH Perca fluviatilis. Introduced into Bell’s Pond, waters on Inkle Moor and the Thorne Waste peat canals. Also caught in Swinefleet Warping Drain.

DAB Limanda limanda. Caught in Swinefleet Warping Drain.

[FLOUNDER Platichthys flesus. Unconfirmed from Swinefleet Warping Drain. Probably confused with Dab].

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